Between marginalization, poverty and stolen rights, the female worker in the agricultural sector lives hostage to abhorrent contradictions, despite her pivotal role in producing wealth in an unstructured sector and in harsh conditions due to the fragility of her social status, so her suffering becomes multidimensional and causes..
Women working in the agricultural sector… the pillar of food security… their demands for safe transportation, as well as equal wages, health and social coverage, and decent working conditions have not been met. In the face of all these violations and in response to the need to work to improve their working conditions and within the framework of the Social and Economic Rights Monitor project implemented by the Women First Association with the support of the European Endowment for Democracy… A study was completed on the conditions of women’s use of agricultural work in Sidi Bouzid under the title « The Toiling Women », a study Diagnostic field included 500 women from seven different delegations.. Al-Ruqab, Al-Saeeda.. Al-Mazuna.. Jalma.. Umm Al-Adham.. Al-Maknasi.. Souk Al-Jadeed.. This study contains four axes, as follows:
* The first axis: the starting points of the study: the problematic and the approved methodology.
* The second axis: the general identity of female workers.
* The third axis: the systems of assignment, contracting and leasing.
The fourth axis: estimating the volume of work in terms of time, tasks and working conditions, vacation and rest regulations, social and health coverage, use of prevention methods and monitoring of violations.
The general objective of this study is to be a quantitative scientific material that conveys the reality of the agricultural workers as it is and with all objectivity that can be adopted in the future by all actors (state, researchers, civil society…) for each useful purpose, in particular launching advocacy campaigns aimed at changing the reality of these Women and their liberation from discrimination and violation of their rights.
As for the field work, it was not easy for several reasons, most notably the vastness of the intervention area, which includes seven delegations over the entire area of the wilaya of Sidi Bouzid, the difficulty of movement in some rural areas… the lack of cooperation of a small group of farmers, owners of transport vehicles and intermediaries… the complexities of the country’s general health situation As a result of the Corona virus.. Nevertheless, we can say that the conditions of field work in general were very good and positive.. That is based on the capabilities of the human and logistical association.. and partnership agreements with associations, which contributed to strengthening the field work team in terms of numbers.
Here are some of the findings of this study in numbers:
– The predominant age group of female respondents is 28-38, with a percentage of 33%.
– 40.9% of the respondents have a secondary education level.
-61% of them were motivated by « family support » to work.
-97.7% work casually.
With regard to the wage, the average wage per day was 11.6 d. As for the average monthly wage, it was 274 d.
– 61.2% of them have their wages determined by the farmer. And about 17% by the broker
– 70.3% spend their wages on their family.
– 48.2% of them do not have a treatment document.
– In cases of work accidents, 40.1% covered the treatment expenses without any assistance from any party, 17% of them recovered without treatment, 18.4% relied on traditional recipes, 14.3% were supported by the farmer in the beginning and then covered the rest of the treatment expenses, and only 8.2% guaranteed them The farmer or the driver until you recover.
-49.3% take between one and two hours to commute to work and 18.2 take more than two hours to commute to work
– More than a third of the female respondents have been subjected to physical violence.
– Economic violence occupies the first place through various forms: forced to work 38.6% / prevention of work 37.5%, and to a lesser extent the destruction of money by 36.4%.
– Political violence is considered the least severe, given that only 10% of the women interviewed have an interest in participating in demonstrations or in association work and partisan activity.
– Sexual violence: 33% have been subjected to verbal harassment, and about 21% have been subjected to physical harassment, and for rape and attempted rape, the numbers are in the range of 1.8%.